Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today North Western Italy. His father was a middle-class wool merchant. Columbus learnt to sail from an early age and later worked as a business agent, travelling around Europe to England, Ireland and later along the West Coast of Africa. He was not a scholar, but was an enthusiastic self-educated man, who read extensively on astronomy, science and navigation. He also became fluent in Latin, Portuguese and Spanish.
Christopher Columbus was a believer in the spherical nature of the world while others still held the view that the world was flat. An ambitious man, Christopher Columbus hoped to find a Western Trade Route to the lucrative spice markets in Asia. Rather than sailing East, he hoped that sailing West would lead to countries like Japan and China.
To gain the necessary funding and support for his journeys, he approached the Monarchs of Spain who agreed to fund him.
Columbus’ first voyages to the Americas was completed in 1492. He had intended to sail to Japan, but ended up in the Bahamas. Columbus made a total of four journeys, where he sailed extensively around the Caribbean islands of Cuba, Jamaica, the Bahamas and also to the mainland, to places such as Panama.
Christopher Columbus died in 1506, aged 54
Berkeley Chess has brought to life, in this beautifully detailed Chess Set, Christopher Columbus’ first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492, with the three ships requisitioned to him by Queen Isabella of Spain – La Santa Maria, La Nina and La Pinta. The characters are as follows:
King: Christopher Columbus
Queen: Queen Isabella of Spain – Financial backer of the expeditions
Bishop: Vicente Yanez Pinzon – Captain of the support ship Nina
Knight: Martin Alonzo Pinzon – Captain of the support ship Pinta
Rook: The Santa Maria – The flagship of the expedition
Pawn: Rodrigo Bermajo – Crewman who first sighted land
King Height 110mm (4.25″) King Diameter 35mm (1.4″) King Weight 130g (4.6oz)
Recommended Board Match:
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